Patient Resource

Wrinkles: Five Causes and Treatments

wrinkles5

Our skin doesn’t lie and as more of us work harder during the week and play harder on the weekend, premature signs of ageing begin to show on our face. We can’t change the conditions we live in easily but with a number of modern treatments available, we can remove wrinkles.

1) UV Can Cause Wrinkles

UV from sun can cause wrinkles

UV from our Sun can cause wrinkles

Overexposure to the sun is the most common cause of wrinkles and with the highest skin cancer rates in the world, Australians are more at risk of prematurely developing wrinkles than anyone. UV radiation causes the formation free radicals in the body, which diminish levels of hyaluronic acid, collagen and elastin in the skin. A healthy balance of all of these treats wrinkles naturally and helps retain moisture in the skin and enhance volume and tone.

Luckily, we are all more aware of the sun’s harmful impact on the skin and younger generations are growing up with more effective sunscreen. However, as the growing demands of a faster lifestyle drive us to use our cars more, the likelihood of seeing early wrinkles only gets greater. Research has found that glass only effectively blocks UVB rays from the sun, not UVA that causes skin damage and ageing. For people who spend a lot of time driving for work or in front of a glass window in an office, the effect of the sun’s UVA rays over many years are clearly visible.

Will a trip to the solarium for a golden tan make you look younger? In the long term, definitely not. Solariums emit levels of UVA that are stronger than the midday sun. Sessions at the solarium will not only cause wrinkles, they may be more likely to give you a scar from removing a melanoma. It has been proven that people who use solariums before the age of 35 increase their chances of developing a melanoma by 75%, according to The Cancer Council. Solariums will be banned in New South Wales in December 2014, why continue turning yourself into an old leather handbag any longer?

2) Alcohol Can Cause Wrinkles

Hydration is the key to maintaining healthy skin, but only if that glass of wine is swapped with water. As alcohol is a diuretic, it will have an opposite effect on the body than water; dehydrating the skin and depleting it of vital nutrients.

Premature wrinkles is only one skin condition caused by excessive drinking. Alcohol can also be a factor for developing and worsening the effects of psoriasis and rosacea as well as a major cause of vascular conditions such as the classic red flushing face commonly suffered by alcoholics.

3) Smoking Can Cause Wrinkles

Smoking can cause wrinkles

Smoking is a common cause of increase in wrinkles

Smoking one pack a day can add ten years of chronological ageing to the skin, according to a study in the British Journal of Dermatology. Smoking cigarettes has been shown to be severely detrimental for circulation. This can damage skin fibroblasts, which are the cells found in connective tissue that form collagen and elastin.

Tobacco smoke has also shown to be phototoxic, meaning cigarettes are more harmful to the skin when exposed to sunlight. One Japanese study found smoking cigarettes is actually three times more harmful for developing wrinkles than two hours of exposure to sunlight. Just when you thought smoking couldn’t be any worse for you, the continuous action of inhaling can cause permanent wrinkles and deep lines around the mouth.

One Japanese study found smoking cigarettes is actually three times more harmful for developing wrinkles than two hours of exposure to sunlight.

4) Coffee Can Cause Wrinkles

It seems like the best things in life are diuretics. That’s right, drinking coffee’s just as bad for your skin as drinking alcohol.

That third double-shot latte that got you through the afternoon will probably also keep you up at night. Beauty sleep is no myth. Sleep deprivation prevents the release of Human Growth Hormone (HGH) that helps fight wrinkles and repair skin cells during deep sleep. Too much coffee during the day can also trigger the stress hormone, cortisol, that makes skin oily and slows tissue growth and maintenance.

5) Computers Can Cause Wrinkles

Our obsession in the modern age of screens and computers is also causing wrinkles. A lot of us start the day squinting at our smartphones before gazing into a computer all day at work, followed by more smartphone use and some tandem tablet and television viewing in the evening.

Furrows such as crows feet and frown lines are generally the first sign of wrinkles. These are caused by raising of the eyebrows, frequent squinting and angry or stressful facial expressions – all of which are hard to avoid because of our prolific use of computers.

Good NewsFive Wrinkle Treatment Options

1) Anti Wrinkle Injections

Derived from a natural and purified protein, anti wrinkle injections are an effective, safe and fast way of improving fine lines and wrinkles. The bacterium used in anti wrinkle injections was first used to treat an eye disorder, strabismus, but is now a treatment for cerebral palsy, chronic migraines, facial spasms as well as facial wrinkles.

The minimally-invasive injections are delivered by a super fine needle five to ten times per area and with no local anaesthetic required. After a few days the anti wrinkle injections will relax muscle movement and soften fine lines and wrinkles, with the effect lasting ten to twelve weeks.

2) Dermal Fillers

Dermal Fillers

More before & after shots of around the cheek and around the mouth, or read more about the dermal filler procedures.

Dermal fillers are another non-surgical option to rejuvenate the skin and remove facial wrinkles. Our Dermal Fillers, derived from Hyaluronic Acid that exists naturally in the dermis, is injected below the skin and takes effect almost instantly to ease wrinkles and restore volume to aged skin.

Hyaluronic Acid absorbs more than 1,000 times its weight in water and works by attracting water to injected areas of the skin. Permanent and nonpermanent options are available with permanent fillers lasting up to ten years. A built in local anaesthetic means the 20-30 minute treatment is non-invasive and virtually pain-free.

3) PRP

Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) is a natural treatment that stimulates collagen in the targeted area to improve skin elasticity, texture and volume. Blood is taken from the patient and spun in a centrifuge for ten minutes to extract platelets that are rich with stem cells and growth factor proteins responsible for rejuvenating skin. This sample of plasma is then injected into the area requiring treatment with a fine needle.

PRP Before After

Read more about this natural treatment here.

Skin will be noticeably taught and with improved strength and volume after three treatments; removing wrinkles, loose skin and acne scarring. PRP works effectively in conjunction with other injectables and laser treatments and is also a treatment for tendon injuries, burns and ulcers.

4) Chemical Peels

Chemical peels are another non-surgical treatment for removing wrinkles and exfoliating the top layer of weathered and sun damaged skin. Derived from organic acids found in natural sources such as sugar cane, milk and fruit, “light” peels use Alpha hydroxyl Acid (AHA) to help the skin thicken and retain water to decrease fine wrinkles and improve complexion.

Regular applications of topical lotions such as alpha-hydroxy will remove facial wrinkles faster in conjunction with the chemical peels, as well as a series of microdermabrasion – another safe and effective method of exfoliation. “Medium” peels, such as TCA peels, use tri-chloroacetic acid to go deeper and remove more layers of skin.

5) Face Lift

This surgical procedure is highly effective for removing facial wrinkles and sagging jowls. Advances in surgical techniques have made facelifts a safer and more comfortable procedure and now there are more options besides the deeper S.M.A.S. facelift.

AG Neck

Laser facelifts means you can go home on the same day.

A laser facelift uses a fine laser fibre to melt fat and tighten skin to increase jawline definition and remove sagging jowls. This minimally invasive procedure is over and done with in under an hour and at a fraction of the cost of a traditional facelift. A liquid facelift is another minimally invasive option that incorporates dermal fillers.

Image credits: Seeing Through the Layers of the Sun by NASA Goddard Photo and Video and Smoking Magda by JavierPsilocybin.

Do you have any tips to reduce wrinkles? Share them with us below!

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